PBIS Tiers 1, 2 and 3

Multi-Tiered Framework

A Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) is a data-driven, problem-solving framework to improve outcomes for all students. MTSS relies on a continuum of evidence-based practices matched to student needs. PBIS is an example of MTSS centered on social behavior.


Three Tiers of Support

MTSS emerged as a framework from the work conducted in public health emphasizing three tiers of prevention. Schools apply this model as a way to align to academic, behavioral, social, and emotional supports to improve education for all students. It is important to remember these tiers refer to levels of support students receive, not to students themselves. Students receive Tier 2 supports, they are not Tier 2 students.


Key Components at Every Tier

Each tier has its own set of systems and practices, but some key components appear across every level. Each of these features needs to be present in order for MTSS to be implemented with fidelity.

  •      Practices are based on evidence to be effective in a similar context with similar populations.
  •      Practices are organized along a tiered continuum beginning with strong universal supports followed by intensified interventions matched to student needs.
  •      Data are collected and used to screen, monitor, and assess student progress.
  •      Resources are allocated to ensure systems and practices are implemented with fidelity over time.


Tier 1

Tier 1: Universal Prevention (All) contact SST 4 for Universal Tier 1 Team Training.

Tier 1 supports serve as the foundation for behavior and academics. Schools provide these universal supports to all students. For most students, the core program gives them what they need to be successful and to prevent future problems.

Tier 2

Tier 2: Targeted Prevention (Some) contact SST4 for Tier 2 Team Training (Prerequisite 70% on TFI Tier 1 Implementation)
This level of support focuses on improving specific skill deficits students have. Schools often provide Tier 2 supports to groups of students with similar targeted needs. Providing support to a group of students provides more opportunities for practice and feedback while keeping the intervention maximally efficient. Students may need some assessment to identify whether they need this level of support and which skills to address. Tier 2 supports help students develop the skills they need to benefit core programs at the school.    

  • Tier 2 Training Video Supports:

    • SST video: Integrating Tier 2 Practices Within an MTSS/PBIS Framework

      • Participants will identify key features of Tier 2 practices and learn how behavioral supports fit within the Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports and Multi-tiered Systems of Support framework. Tier 2 interventions highlighted will include the following: Check-in/Check-out,  Social Skills Programs and Zones of Regulation.  Participants will become familiar with OCALI and ODE resources. The presentation will also feature the journeys by several districts through the Tier 2 process. Finally,  participants will have the opportunity to begin to develop their own system of behavioral supports. 

    • Missouri video: https://pbismissouri.org/tier-2-courses/

      • Self paced video modules featuring Tier 2 components                                                                 

Tier 3

Tier 3: Intensive, Individualized Prevention (Few) contact SST4 for Tier 3 Team Training (Prerequisite 70% on TFI Tier 1 & Tier 2 Implementation)
Tier 3 supports are the most intensive supports the school offers. These supports require are the most resource intensive due to the individualized approach of developing and carrying out interventions. At this level, schools typically rely on formal assessments to determine a student’s need and to develop an individualized support plan. Student plans often include goals related to both academics as well as behavior support.   

SST4 Video - Check and Connect  

12 students who show warning signs of disengagement with school and who are at risk of dropping out. Students are referred to Check & Connect when they show warning signs of disengaging from school, such as poor attendance, behavioral issues, and/or low grades. The "Check" component refers to the process where mentors systematically monitor student performance variables (e.g., absences, tardies, behavioral referrals, grades), while the "Connect" component refers to mentors providing personalized, timely interventions to help students solve problems, build skills, and enhance competence. See more about the Components and Elements of Check & Connect.  

Check and Connect Outcomes:

  • decrease in truancy, tardies, behavior referrals, and dropout rates;

  • increase in attendance, persistence in school, credits accrued, and school completion; and

  • impact on literacy

  • Integrated Systems Framework: School & Community Partnerships - Video
             Presented at the Ohio School Safety Summit on October 7, 2021

    • Participants will identify primary components of a PBIS framework and examine ways that school and community partnerships work together to support mental health needs. Tools related to the Integrated Systems Framework and wraparound supports will be shared.  You will determine the strength of your behavioral support systems and community partnership supports. It is critical to integrate what the Covid-19 pandemic has taught us. Communities can be successful in supporting the behavioral needs of students and family by working together using Ohio's Whole Child Framework.

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